By Elaine Lies | TOKYO
TOKYO U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Thursday that cooperation among Japan, South Korea and the United States was critical as Washington and its key Asian allies confront the challenge of North Korea’s missile and nuclear programs.
Tillerson was speaking before going in for talks with Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida in Tokyo, the start of his first trip to Asia since taking office.
“Trilateral cooperation is critical as we address North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs,” Tillerson said, referring to Washington, Tokyo and Seoul.
He called the U.S.-Japan alliance the “cornerstone of peace and stability” in the Asia-Pacific.
Japan is seeking clues to Washington’s policies on a volatile North Korea and a rising China while hoping to steer clear of trade rows during Tillerson’s visit.
The former oil executive, who will travel to South Korea and China later in the week, needs to reassure Tokyo and Seoul about countering North Korea’s growing nuclear prowess, and press China to do more on one of the most serious security threats facing President Donald Trump.
North Korea last week launched four more ballistic missiles and is working to develop nuclear-tipped missiles that can reach the United States.
Tillerson will have “substantive, hard” talks with U.S. partners in Asia on next steps in dealing with North Korea, but his visit is not likely to produce an immediate specific response, the State Department said on Wednesday.
Washington has previously said all options, including military, are on the table in its review of policies toward North Korea and Japanese officials are keen to know more details.
“U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis correctly said all options are on the table … but as a practical matter, I don’t see the administration deciding to preemptively strike North Korea’s capabilities,” said Michael Green, a former U.S. official now at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.
Japan has a pacifist constitution but influential lawmakers have been pushing for the country to develop the ability to counter Pyongyang’s military advances.
Tokyo is also considering beefing up its ballistic missile defenses with a U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) anti-missile system or Aegis Ashore, a land-based version of the missile defense system used at sea.
China’s assertiveness in the East China Sea, where it has a territorial row with Japan, and the South China Sea, where it has disputes with the Philippines and several other Southeast Asian nations, will also be on the agenda as will trade.
Trump administration trade adviser Peter Navarro cited Japan on Monday for non-tariff trade barriers and said Washington must use its leverage as the world’s largest market to boost U.S. exports.
Some Japanese officials, though, say trade will take a back seat to security. “We have more key issues of common concern, like North Korea,” one official said, declining to be identified because he was not authorized to speak to media.
(Additional reporting by Kiyoshi Takenaka in Tokyo and David Brunnstrom in Washington; Writing by Linda Sieg; Editing by Raju Gopalakrishnan)